Hunting Organization Ltd.


Hunting in Hungary

game species

 

 

 

RED DEER (CERVUS ELAPHUS)

 

Red deer is the most important game species of Hungary. In numbers Western-European populations are also important, but quality is represented by Central-European populations with Hungary on the lead.

Hungarian range:
The most important and best deer population of the country can be found in Southern-Transdanubia in Zala, Somogy and Baranya counties. The deer in Western- and Northern-Transdanubia as well as the ones in the Northern Mountain Region are of medium quality. The exceptional quality comes from the optimal habitats for red deer as well as conscious game management. Red deer prefers thick oak and black locust forests as well as boscages and planted forests with an appropriate shrub level and with neighbouring agricultural lands which provide cover and feeding places at the same time.

Trophy: a pair of antlers which the stags cast annually. Five out of the ten first trophies of the world rank list were taken down in Hungary.

Hunting season of red stags:
Red stags are usually hunted during mating time or rut, hunting season starts with the 1st of September. It usually starts already at the end of August in the Southern-Transdanubian region however it usually only starts after the first week of September in the Northern Mountain Region but of course it lasts until the end of September there. At that time the careful behavior of the stags changes, and we can get up close to them with the help of bellow horns. After the end of the rut the hunt for no-class stags starts which lasts until January. Lower class stags and hinds are usually taken down at this time. Shooting hinds and calves can also happen during baffle hunts in winter. The rate of medalist trophies in hungary is around 30-35% depending on the number of kills.

Hunting methods:
Hunting can be done from high stands, while stalking or combined with a horse-drawn carriage. Usually the hours of dawn and dusk are suitable for the beloved stalking.

International scoring:

170,00 - 189,99

bronze

190,00 - 209,99

silver

210,00 and above

gold

 

Hunting season:

Mature stag:

1st of September – 31th of October

No-class stag:

1st of September - 31th of January

Hind:

1st of September - 31th of January

Calf:

1st of September – last day of February

 

 

FALLOW DEER (DAMA DAMA)

 

Fallow deer was once native to Hungary but it got extinct in the ice age. Thanks to reintrocduction it is present again to Hungary and it adapted very well to its natural environment.

Hungarian range:
There are populations of great numbers around Gyulaj, the Upper Tisza-region, as well as in Somogy and Békés counties. It mostly prefers deciduous forest patches divided by agricultural fields of flat or slightly hilly lands. The most excellent is the fallow deer of Gyulaj which gave numerous world records and became a notion over the centuries. Over the last several years another fallow deer population evolved around Guth in the North-Eastern part of the Great Plains which boasts world records as well.

The Trophy is the pair of shovel-shaped antlers of the bucks which they cast annually. It is a very beloved trophy because of its special shape. Five of the bucks being on the ten first places of the world record list were taken down in Hungary. The first two bucks of the current world record list were also taken down in Hungary, in Guth.

Hunting season of fallow deer:
Fallow deer is primarily hunted in october during rut. At that time its voice is very typical, like a snort. The buck digs a rutting-bowl and waits for the does there. The specificness of this species is that the doe chooses the buck to mate with. Dominance fights between bucks are about the best places within a rutting area. Hunting for weaker bucks is done after the rut from November to February.

Hunting method:
The most beautiful way to hunt for fallow bucks is stalking or vehicle hunting. During the rut fallow deers are active all throughout the day so there is a good chance to hunt for the bucks in heat. Hunting for weaker bucks and does is done after the rut. Many hungarian game reserves deal with fallow deer to enhance their hunting possibilities.

International scoring:

160,00 – 169,99

bronze

170,00 – 179,99

silver

180,00 and above

gold

Hunting season:

Mature buck

1st of October – 30th of November

No-class buck:

1st of October – last day of February

Doe:

1st of October – 31th of January

Fawn:

1st of October – last day of February

 

 

ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS)

 

Roe deer is very common in Europe. The subspecies found in Hungary is the smallest and most common „big game” of Central-Europe.

Hungarian range:
The biggest bucks live along the rivers Tisza and Körös, as well as in Szolnok and Békés counties. The roe deer populations of Transdanubia are usually of medium quality. Its most important habitat are mixed deciduous forests, forest edges and the bordering grasslands or agricultural fields. By establishing forest lines and patches the habitat of roe deer increased significantly. It adapted very well to the agricultural environment.

The trophy is the pair of antlers worn by the bucks which they cast annually. The trophies of roe bucks taken down in Hungary are among the best of the world proving the sucess of hungarian roe deer management. Five out of the first ten bucks on the world rank list were taken down in Hungary.

Hunting season of roe deer:
The hunt for roe bucks starts on the 15th of April. Most of the guests choose this time of the year since vegetation cover is still low and it is easier to take down the best bucks. From a hunting point of view the mating season is a special experience which takes place from the end of July to the beginning of August. The hunter mimics the calls of the doe and fawn with a whistle and at this time even the otherwise very careful old bucks can be taken down.

Hunting methods:
We hunt for roe deer from high stands, during stalking or with the help of a vehicle. Hunting for doe and fawn is usually done during the winter months.

International scoring:

105,00 – 114,99

bronze

115,00 – 129,99

silver

130,00 and above

gold

Hunting season:

Buck

15th of April – 30th of September

Doe, fawn

1st of October – last day of February

 

 

MOUFLON (OVIS MUSIMON)

 

This species is non-native to Hungary, it originates from the islands of Corsica and Sardinia and it was introduced to Europe from there. The first specimens in the Carpathian-basin were settled in 1868 in Gyimes, Nyitra county. From there it got to the area of current Hungary to Füzérradvány in 1901. It is present everywhere in the mountainous areas of the country.

Hungarian range:
After introduction its most important populations in Hungary live in the Mátra, the Buda-mountains, the Börzsöny, the Bükk, the Pilis and the Vértes, as well as the Zemplén-mountains. The height of our mountains are optimal for mouflons. They like hard, rocky soils and older forests where they have good visibility while grazing. They prefer deciduous forests but it is important for them to find dry rocky soils for the wearing off of their trotters. Since they live in mountainous regions good stamina is needed for their hunt.

The trophy is the pair of horns worn by rams which grows continuously and can reach a lenght of 100 cm and sometimes the circumference of 24 cm. The years can be distinguished on the horn thanks to the periodic growth and there are linings between the growth rings. Based on that the age of rams can be defined.

Hunting season of mouflons:
The hunting season starts with the 1st of September. The rut goes from mid-october to the end of December. It is a great experience to take down the desired ram during the rut.

Hunting methods:
The most common hunting method for mouflons is stalking. Hunting from a vehicle seldom gives a result and only on appropriate grounds. Hunting from high stands can be sucessfull around game fields. Besides wild boar this species is also common in hunting reserves.

International scoring:

185,00 – 194,99

bronze

195,00 – 204,99

silver

205,00 and above

gold

Hunting season:

ram:

1st of September – last day of February

ewe:

1st of September – 31th of January

lamb:

1st of September – last day of February

 

 

 WILD BOAR (SUS SCROFA)

 

The only european member of the Suidae family is wild boar which is also present in Hungary; it is native in Europe, Asia, and the northern part of Africa but it was also introduced to North- and South-America.

Hungarian range:
The game species with biggest numbers in Hungary lives mostly in Transdanubia and the Northern Mountain Region but it is present in growing numbers on the Great Plains as well. Its habitat is mainly deciduous forests with swamps, thick underbush and wet soils. They can also be found in conifer forests, shrub areas and reed-plots. Currently their growing appearance in human settlements are causing bigger and bigger problems. Their daytime resting place during the vegetation period can often be found in big corn or sunflower fields and if they find water there as well they are not leaving until harvest. They also like fields and meadows after rain where they search for invertebrates.

Trophy of the wild boar: its very much developed tusks or eye-teeth. Two of the first five boars on the world rank list were taken down in Hungary and the current world record was shot in Budakeszi, Hungary as well.

Hunting:
If hunted individually the use of high stands is the most popular which is the most beautiful in snow at moonlight. It is a very rare and tiresome method to do tracking when we try to follow fresh dawn tracks and surprise the boar on its resting place. The exceptional hearing and smell accompanied by the high intelligence of the boar promises an interesting hunt for all hunters.
The pitch of wild boar hunt is a driven hunt. It is usually organized for 20-25 hunters with the help of numerous beaters and dogs. For smaller groups a baffle hunt is also preferred. In some areas also red hinds, fallow does, calves and fawns can be shot. This hunt is organized in several smaller areas without dogs.
Driven hunts are usually also organized in hunting reserves, where the daily bag can reach 80-100 specimens.

International scoring:

110,00 – 114,99

bronze

115,00 – 119,99

silver

120,00 and above   

gold

 

Hunting season:
Wild boar can be hunted the whole year round.

 

 

EUROPEAN HARE (LEPUS EUROPAEUS)

 

The european hare is common all across Europe.
It can be found everywhere in Hungary, but their number in the big game counties of Transdanubia is minimal, their true home are the Great Plains. The best hare grounds can be found in Békés, Csongrád, Szolnok, and Heves counties.

Its population density can sometimes reach 50 specimens / 100 ha on agricultural areas in spring but it is less in bigger forestlands not reaching 10 specimens / 100 ha.  Many hares do not move more than 1 km away from their place of birth, 2/3 of the juveniles stay within a 500 m circle until they reach maturity. Hares only feed on plants, their foodrange is very widespread.

Hunting methods:
Their hunt is probably the most tiresome among small game species since they can only be hunted on driven hunts successfully. On these people often have to walk several kilometers in the plough to succeed. On these hare hunts 20-30 hunters and twice as much beaters surround the often 100-200 ha areas in a circle or U-shape and as the lines close in they try to drive the hares out of the 50 cm deep furrows of the autumn plough and shoot them. In dry or cold weather the daily bag can reach up to 200-300 hares on good grounds. If less hunters are present the hunt can be combined with pheasant seeking hunts but the bag will also be less.

Hunting season:

Hare:

1st of October – 31th of December

Rabbit:       

whole year round

 

 

PHEASANT (PHASIANUS COLCHICUS)

 

Its native range stretches from the Caucasus to the Amur. It was introduced to Europe in the middle ages and since then it spread almost all across the continent. It is the most common feathered game today. Several subspecies were introduced to Hungary which cross-bred and a hybrid called ”hunting-pheasant” evolved.

They prefer flat or mildly hilly areas. Their optimal habitat is a land with diverse arboreal vegetation, where appropriate feeding, breeding, and hiding places are present.

Hunting methods:
Besides traditional group hunts also seeking hunts with dogs provide a special experience. On driven hunts a hunter group of 8 – 12 stands around the areas with thick cover and beaters start the drive on a given mark. Big bag pheasant hunts are generally organized this way. In case of smaller hunting groups seeking hunts or „shrubbing” are also common. In that case 5-6 hunters go with a couple of beaters and dogs searching through ditches, channelbanks and reed-plots. In that case there is also an opportunity to shoot hares and a few ducks.

Hunting season:

pheasant cock:

1st of October – last day of February

pheasant hen:

1st of October – 31th of January

 

 

PIGEONS

 

Summer pigeon hunts are getting more and more popular.

Collared dove
Its range goes from Asia-Minor through Central-Asia to Far-India. Its slow spread started in this century which soon became very rapid.

Hungarian range:
It can be found everywhere from plains to mountains, it is a species following human cultivation. It likes to be close to human settlements, but it is also present in agricultural lands. It is also home to forest edges and gallery forests. They fly out to feed on agricultural lands - especially sunflowers - in early morning and early afternoon. That is the time to hunt for them sucessfully.

Common wood pigeon
The common wood pigeon is a migrating bird. It usually arrives to Hungary in March and sets off in October but it can also overwinter on calm winters. It can be found all across the country. It usually lives in boscages and field forest patches. They like to visit cereal stubble-fields. It is possible to take them down there and around their sleeping spots.

Hunting season:

Collared dove, Wood pigeon

15th of August – 31th of January

 

 

WATERFOWL

 

Mallard hunt

Hungary counts as the paradise for waterfowl hunters with its favourable conditions. Out of ducks mallards can be hunted, 8 specimens can be taken down daily per hunter. From august the hunt can be implemented with mallards on the water and the daytime hunt of coots. Both hunting methods attract many foreign guests to Hungary. Hunting bred mallards is also very popular. At the hunt of these ducks there is no daily limit. The hunt for mallards at the end of summer and at the beginning of fall can be beautifully combined with pigeon hunts and later with the hunt for pheasant and other small game.

Goose hunt
There is a possibility to hunt for geese on some parts of the country. Exceptional geese habitats are the Danube, the Tisza, the Dráva and bigger fish breeding lakes for example the Hortobágy, Biharugra, Fehértó, Tata, etc. Geese spend the night on the water not like mallards, which fly to agricultural fields to feed in the evening and in the morning. The geese groups sometimes counting thousands of birds spending the night on the water fly off early in the morning to feed on the fields. The guides dig hunting holes according to the movement of the geese preparing a sucessfull hunt for the guests. Hunting geese can be especially sucessfull in foggy weather when geese fly much lower than usual.

The daily bag of geese can be 4 birds per person.

Hunting season:

Mallard

15th of August - 31th of January

Coot

1st of September - 31th of January

Bean goose, greater white-fronted goose    

1st of October - 31th of January

Greylag goose

1st of October – 31th of December